There are lots of things about Turkey that make it a must-see country. An abundance of incredible natural wonders combined with numerous architectural gems dating back to Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman times Mediterranean coast beaded with numerous seaside resorts, which attract millions of tourists from around the world. Thanks to its geographical position and favorable climate, Turkey has become the world’s fastest-growing tourist market.
10 Sights to See in Turkey
Cappadocia Underground Cities
Built by early Christians as shelters, the Cappadocia Underground Cities are extremely complex structures, some going eight levels underground. They were quite livable, as they featured advanced drainage and plumbing systems and provided reliable protection against enemies. This UNESCO World Heritage object is located in Nevsehir, central Turkey.
Aya Sofya wonderfully combines Byzantine and Muslim architectural traditions. Built initially by the Byzantine, it was supplemented by minarets after the Ottoman conquest, while the original Byzantine frescoes inside of it are well intact. This creates an admirable chemistry, which attracts both locals and tourists.
The spectacular remains of the ancient city, which was founded in the 10th century BC, carry the gleaming grace of Greek and Roman civilization through centuries. The city’s buildings, stadiums and temples evoke a striking picture of the ancient world in people’s mind.
This is the very place where Ottoman sultans forged their Empire, which eventually expanded over the Middle East, Africa and Europe. Today, the palace houses a museum with an extensive collection of items, which belonged to sultans and the Prophet Mohammed. It is one of the brightest examples of Ottoman architecture.
Pamukkale (the Turkish for ‘cotton castle) are a cascade of white terraces of travertine deposited by numerous mineral springs. The water comes from thermal springs and therefore it never gets cold. Bathing in mineral water is very healthy. The site is complemented by the ruins of Roman Hierapolis that tops the hill.
Aspendos is one of the brightest gems of Roman architecture in Turkey. The theater holds up to 15,000 spectators and still hosts cultural events. It used to be part of Aspendos city founded by the Greek and later conquered by the Romans.
Yacht Cruising Facilities
Bodrum and Fethiye are frequented by tourists thanks to numerous yacht cruising facilities and beautiful surroundings. One cannot help but admire magnificent forest-grown hills, rock-clad bays, almost snow-white beaches and numerous uninhabited islands.
Marmaris is one of Turkey’s biggest seaside resorts, where tourist can enjoy a whole spectrum of activities, such as yacht cruising, water sports, jeep safari, etc., and enjoy beautiful sceneries. The Turk call it Green Marmaris , as it is surrounded by mountains covered in pine and olive forests.
The Blue Mosque is one of the grandest old buildings in Turkey dating back to the times of sultan Ahmet I. Its huge multi-layered dome structure is visible from many vantage points in Istanbul. The mosque gets its name from its interior featuring beautiful blue tile patterns.
Anzac Cove was a battlefield during WWI, where the Ottoman Empire clashed with Allied troops. Today it is a cluster of memorials and museums telling us about the history of the battle. This is the place where ceremonies are held on the Anzac Day in memory of those events.
When Do I Go to Turkey?
Turkey is heavily visited year round, and the choice of vacation time depends on what exactly you plan to do in Turkey. April through mid-June and September through mid-November are the best sight-seeing seasons, because it does not get too hot at this time. If you are in for a seaside vacation, summer is the best time. It gets cold and rainy in winter, but at this time accommodation prices are at their lowest, and many tourists choose to go to Turkey in winter for sight-seeing.
The Capital of Turkey
Ankara, the capital of Turkey.